On November 10, 1898 the only Coup D'Etat In U.S. history occurred.
From 1865 to 1897, African Americans played a larger role in North Carolina’s Wilmington politics than any other city in America. African American society in Wilmington flourished and African Americans were visible and important figures in politics and business.
In November 1898, in two days of racial violence, a mob of whites, led by some of Wilmington's most “respected” and influential citizens destroyed the state's only daily African American newspaper. Coroner reports confirm nine blacks were killed; some estimate hundreds died. Scores of others were driven from their homes.
The Wilmington Race Riot of November 10, 1898 was a true coup d’état in American History. The Riot was a white supremacist movement, which overthrew the legitimately elected biracial government of Wilmington, North Carolina and replaced it with officials who instituted the first Jim Crow laws in North Carolina. The resulting laws greatly limited the rights of African Americans in Wilmington and influenced the creation of such laws in the rest of North Carolina and throughout the nation.