DARC Ethiophile Chronicles
On this day
On 21 December 1956 James "Jobe" Hadebe was released on fifty pounds sterling bail after being listed as Defendant Number 64 in the 1956 Treason Trial. During the ANC boycott of Bantu Education schools in the 1950s, Hadebe played a leading part in efforts to organise alternative "cultural clubs" for children. He also acted as Transvaal Provincial Secretary of the ANC, in the Transvaal, in the 1950s. Hadebe was arrested on 5 December 1956.
Born on 29 October 1923 in Frankfort, Orange Free State, he was the son of a clerk and descendant of the Hlubi chief, Langalibalele. He became a teacher and active member of the African National Congress in the Transvaal, serving as Transvaal Provincial Secretary of the ANC during the 1950s. An accused in the Treason Trial, Hadebe left South Africa to serve as an ANC representative internationally during his exile. After his arrest and release on bail in 1956, he returned to the Drill Hall, where the trial was being conducted, on 10 January 1957. He had to sit through the legal proceedings for an entire year before charges were withdrawn against him. Hadebe was detained for five months following the State of Emergency in 1960. After this, he left South Africa and went into exile to Bechuanaland (Botswana) en route to Ghana. He served as a representative of the ANC in Cairo and East Africa, and was also the ANC’s Chief Representative in Dar es Salaam. In the 4 December 1967 issue of The Standard, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania reported that Hadebe “had resigned from the external mission of the Congress for personal and political reasons”, but that he would retain his ordinary membership of the Congress. He returned to South Africa from exile in around 1994.