DARC Ethiophile Chronicles
On this day
On April 2, 1930 the first female head of an internationally recognized state in Africa in the 19th and 20th centuries and the first reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, Empress Zawditu, transitioned unto the realm of ancestry. Her reign was noted for the reforms initiated by Negus Tafari Makonnen (Emperor Haile Sellassie 1st). On 2 April 1930, two days after Ras Gugsa Welle was killed in battle, Empress Zewditu transitioned. Empress Zewditu suffered from diabetes, and was seriously ill with typhoid as well. According to some popular histories, Empress Zewditu died of shock and grief at hearing of her husband's death, but other accounts contradict this, claiming that Empress Zewditu was not informed of the battle's outcome before her sudden death.
Some diplomatic sources in Addis Ababa reported at the time that the fever stricken deeply religious Empress was immersed in a large container of frigidly cold holy water to cure her of her illness, but that her body went into shock and she died shortly thereafter. The timing of her death immediately after news of the outcome of the battle reached Addis Ababa has caused considerable speculations.
Empress Zewditu was succeeded on the throne by Negus Tafari, whose baptismal name is Haile Sellassie and whose coronation name is Emperor Haile Sellassie 1st .
It must also be noted however that on April 3, 1930 Negus Tafari Makonnen officially became Emperor of Ethiopia, His ceremonial coronation however was postponed until November 2, 1930 when he became know to the world officially as H.I.M. Emperor Haile Sellassie 1st .