April 18, 2014

On this day April 18th

DARC Ethiophile Chronicles

On this day

Zimbabwe became independent on April 18, 1980. Previously called Rhodesia and under white minority rule of the British Government.

Zimbabwe was subject to British colonial rule for a significant period (1888-1965). During that time, the country was known as Southern Rhodesia. In 1953, the British colony of Southern Rhodesia turned into a portion of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. In 1963, Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesia withdrew from the Federation, possibly due to the uprising in Southern Rhodesia.

the then Prime Minister of that time was Ian Smith, ushered a Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965. Talks towards freedom began in 1975 but didn't manifest into independence until 1980. Freedom came after a seven-year battle between the white-minority government and the nationalist blacks that led to the death of 27,000 people. Black and white Minutemen fought British soldiers at Lexington and Concord.

After an aggressive election campaign, Robert Mugabe was elected as the prime minister of the country for the ZANU-PF/ZAPU-PF alliance. Associations with South Africa was cut off.

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