June 01, 2014

On this day June 2nd

DARC Ethiophile Chronicles

On this day

On 2 June, 1959 Following the infamous Treason Trial, ANC leader Chief Albert Luthuli is banished by the Apartheid Government for five years.

Chief Albert John Luthuli, President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1952 to 1967 and Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1961, was one of South Africa's greatest leaders.

In 1952, the Apartheid Government demanded that Luthuli choose between his chieftainship and the ANC. His refusal to leave the ANC resulted in him being deposed as chief and severe restrictions were placed on his freedom. Despite this, he participated in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, organised by the Congress Alliance to challenge apartheid laws (e.g. Pass Laws).

His involvement resulted in a 2 year banning order from 1952 to 1954. Defying the ban in 1953, he addressed the 42nd Annual ANC Conference, held in Queenstown. In 1956, he was arrested with other leaders of the liberation movement, and charged with High Treason. The infamous 'Treason Trial' trial lasted for four years, after which all the accused were found not guilty and were acquitted.

However in 1959, the government banished Luthuli to his village at the Lower Tugela district for five years. Chief Luthuli was not deterred. On 10 December 1962, together with Martin Luther King he led a campaign appealing for "Action against Apartheid" from the United Nations. His banning order prevailed until his transition in 1967.

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