DARC Ethiophile Chronicles
On this day
28, June 1964 the Organization for Afro-American Unity was founded in New York by Malcolm X, John Henrik Clarke and other black nationalist leaders. The OAAU was designed to encompass all peoples of African origin in the Western hemisphere, as well those on the African continent. The OAAU was modeled after the Organization of African Unity (OAU), a coalition of African nations working to provide a unified political voice for the continent.
Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam on March 8, 1964 and embarked upon a tour of Africa, even making a pilgrimage to Mecca, returning as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. He was highly impressed with the OAU whose frontrunners were Emperor Haile Sellassie of Ethiopia and Kwame Nkrumah or Ghana and even sought OAAU representation on the OAU. Essentially the OAAU aimed to be the OAU of the Western Hemisphere.
Basically the aims of the organization was to reconnect African Americans with their African heritage, establish economic independence, and promote African American self-determination. The OAAU called for African American-run institutions within the black community as well as increased participation in mainstream politics. In order to keep the OAAU strictly in African American hands, Malcolm X insisted that there be no monetary donations from non-African sources. The organization also refused membership to whites.