July 12, 2014

On this day July 12th

DARC Ethiophile Chronicles

On this day


July 12, 1940 Frederick McKinley Jones patented a Shock-Proof Refrigerator Device (Patent # 2,475,841). This refrigeration device enabled the transportation of food without having to use ice to keep it cool. Frederick Jones was an inventor best known for the development of refrigeration equipment used to transport food and blood during World War II.  


Frederick Jones was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on May 17, 1893. Jones taught himself mechanical and electrical engineering, inventing a range of devices relating to refrigeration, sound and automobiles. Portable refrigeration units developed by Jones helped the United States military carry food and blood during World War II. Jones died in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on February 21, 1961.  

Over the course of his career, Jones received more than 60 patents. While the majority pertained to refrigeration technologies, others related to X-ray machines, engines and sound equipment.  

Jones was recognized for his achievements both during his lifetime and after his death. In 1944, he became the first African American elected to the American Society of Refrigeration Engineers. Jones died of lung cancer in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on February 21, 1961.  

In 1991, President George H.W. Bush awarded the National Medal of Technology posthumously to Numero and Jones, presenting the awards to their widows at a ceremony held in the White House Rose Garden. Jones was the first African American to receive the award, though he did not live to receive it. He was inducted into the Minnesota Inventors Hall of Fame in 1977.

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