DARC Ethiophile Chronicles
On this day
On 2 August 1928, Italy signed a twenty-year treaty of friendship with Abyssinia (now known as Ethiopia). In the treaty, which was called the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 also known as the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of Friendship and Arbitration, Italy agreed to upholding lasting friendly relations with Ethiopia and in the event of any dispute, to have it resolved peacefully through mediation. The main objective ofthis treaty was to resolve outstanding differences in East Africa. The treaty provided Ethiopia access to the Red Sea port of Asseb (in the Italian colony of Eritrea) and called for the two nations to jointly build a road between Asseb and Dessie.
Ethiopia is the only African country never to be colonized. In 1935 however, Ethiopia was invaded and annexed by Italy under Benito Mussolini, Pope Pius XI and Emperor Victor Emmanuel III who needed to provide land for unemployed Italians and who also coveted the extra mineral resources.